Category Archives: What to do for an Ear Infection

What to do for an Ear Infection

Ear infections are health conditions that occur when a viral or bacterial contamination affects the one or multiple segments of the ear, usually behind the eardrum. This is typically characterized by inflammation and fluid buildup. The condition can either be chronic or acute. Chronic ear infections are longer lasting but generally milder, while acute infections can be intensely painful. The chronic condition can permanently damage the inner and middle ear and can affect infants, children or adults. This category on focuses specifically on infections, their associated issues and what to do for an ear infection.

What to do for an ear infection

Infections can be triggered by many environmental factors, including exposure to filthy water and mechanical injury due to obsessive cleaning. The agents in this case can be fungi or bacteria. A particularly painful and common infection, for example, is myringitis, which is inflammation of the eardrum caused by either bacterial action or viruses. It causes small blisters on the eardrum that eventually become painful. Doctors will always prescribe antibiotics for ear infection in adults whenever such situations occur as they can be difficult for the immune system to combat.

Certain infections do of course clear up without a doctor’s intervention. If incorrectly self-diagnosed however, the condition can recur. Some short term symptoms can include: pus-like ear drainage, a persistent feeling of pressure in the ear, inner ear infection dizziness, discomfort and temporary hearing loss. Longer term effects may feature: a ruptured ear drum, meningitis (yes, serious infections can spread to the meninges), speech delay in children and mastoiditis.

A very general procedure for treating an ear infection is as follows:

– Apply a warm cloth to the infected ear

– Take a prescribed painkiller or eardrops

– Use an-over the counter decongestant

The articles in this library will however go into more specific detail for various infections.

Surgical treatment, though risky, may be needed when serious complications arise. For instance, should eardrum replacement be called for, surgery is performed to place grafted tissues into the ear. Other cases requiring surgery are when scar tissue fills the ear or when bones are destroyed. An operation will be carried out to rectify the hearing condition and reduce pain.

Some of the more rare and unusual ear infections/diseases you may encounter include Herpes Zoster caused by the common herpes virus. It affects the auditory nerves and symptoms include inner ear infection, dizziness, vertigo, ear pain, and blisters. Vestibular neurosis is a disease that affects the vestibular organs of balance. The vestibular nerve becomes inflamed caused by a viral infection. Symptoms include dramatic vertigo, nausea, and vomiting. The most effective ear infection treatment at home in this case is the use of antihistamines but one can go for vestibular physiotherapy as well.

Overall, it is clear that the ear as a body organ can suffer many diverse, and in some cases severe, infections. This section gave you a brief idea of the topics covered here, and should you be unable to find information on a particularly obscure problem you’re suffering from, please feel free to contact us.

Microtia Repair

Microtia is a congenital malformation of the external ear. The phrase microtia translates to “little ear.”  It presents itself in a number of forms, starting from an ear only slightly smaller than normal to a complete absence of the ear.  The latter is known as anotia which means “no ear.”  Microtia occurs approximately once in… Read More »

Mastoid Infection of the Ear

Situated behind the ear, the mastoid bone is made up of numerous air sacs whose function is to assist in the drainage process within the middle ear. When cells within the mastoid bone are inflamed or infected, individuals develop a fairly rare condition known as mastoiditis. Also referred to as mastoid infection of the ear,… Read More »